Haiku: poem that usually consists of 5-7-5 morae
Mora (plural moras or morae) is a unit of sound used in phonology that determines syllable weight
1.This is often represented by the juxtaposition of two images or ideas and a kireji ("cutting word") between them, a kind of verbal punctuation mark which signals the moment of separation and colours the manner in which the juxtaposed elements are related.
2.Any one of the three phrases may end with the kireji.
Shirane, Haruo. Traces of dreams: landscape, cultural memory, and the poetry of Bashō. Stanford University Press, 1998. ISBN 978-0-8047-3099-0 p100
3. A kigo (seasonal reference), usually drawn from a saijiki (歳時記 "year time chronicle, an extensive but defined list of such words. The majority of kigo, but not all, are drawn from the natural world. This, combined with the origins of haiku in pre-industrial Japan, has led to the inaccurate impression that haiku are necessarily nature poems.
lots of different translations
mizu no oto
Fu-ru (old) i-ke (pond) ya,
ka-wa-zu (frog) to-bi-ko-mu (jumping into)
mi-zu (water) no o-to (sound)
web #2: japanese text
- A Haiku Handbook; William J. Higginson and Penny Harter, Kodansha International, 1989
- Haiku in English; Harold G. Henderson, Tuttle, 1967
- Getting Started with Haiku; John Bird, HaikuOz. http://www.haikuoz.org